About Vladivostok

Vladivostok is the largest city of both Primorsky Krai and the entire Russian Far East. It is located on the beautiful hills of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, on the shores of Pacific Ocean. Vladivostok is an important industrial, transportation, scientific and cultural center, as well as the largest sea port of Russia’s Pacific coast. As of January 1, 2017, the city population reached 633,4 thousand. Total area of Vladivostok municipal district is over 56 thousand ha, including island territories and Peschany Peninsula.



Vladivostok was founded in 1860. The city’s history is connected with dozens of outstanding people – Russian navy officers, seafarers, scientists, explorers. The city developed largely as the Russian naval base on the Pacific coast.

The city enjoyed the free port status between 1862 and 1909. Duty-free trade provided for rapid development of Vladivostok and attracted foreign capital. But the real impetus to the city’s transformation into a large commercial and industrial center of the Far East was given by construction of Trans-Siberian Railway (commenced in 1891), Vladivostok Commercial Seaport (1890) and Vladivostok Fortress (from 1898). The year 1899 was marked by the foundation of Oriental Institute, which to a large degree became a “predecessor” of the present-day Far Eastern Federal University.

Vladivostok Fortress

In the first decades of the 20th century, Vladivostok witnessed significant development of industries, transport, commerce, architecture, as well as culture and arts.

Admiral Fokin street in Vladivostok

During the Soviet era, Vladivostok remained the country’s main naval base in the Pacific. Development of industry, education and culture also continued. In 1932 the Far Eastern Branch of USSR Academy of Sciences was established in Vladivostok, which prompted a rise of scientific research in the region.

The city played significant role during the Great Patriotic War. Over 200 thousand residents of Vladivostok and Primorsky region, together with people from all parts of the Soviet Union, fought on the fronts of the war. Soldiers from Vladivostok defended Moscow and Leningrad, fought in Stalingrad and the Kursk salient, crossed the Dnieper, stormed Berlin. Vladivostok port was a midway destination for cargoes shipped from the US under the lend-lease policy to support Soviet army, navy and civilians.

In memory of Vladivostok’s wartime performance, it was in 2010 awarded the honorary title “City of Military Glory”.

City of Military Glory

In post-war years Vladivostok’s development gained new momentum – not only in industry, but also in residential construction, science, education and culture. At the same time, the city remained a closed military port.

It was not until 1992 that restrictions were lifted on visits to Vladivostok by both Russian citizens from other parts of the country and foreign guests, thus opening a new page in the city’s history.

In 2012, Vladivostok hosted the Summit of APEC – an authoritative international organization, and the event further emphasized the city’s new status as the center of cooperation between Russia and countries of Asia-Pacific. The city is home to Consulates General and Honorary Consulates of 23 countries. Vladivostok is twinned with 15 foreign cities. In 2013, United Visa Center opened in Vladivostok, offering visa application services for many countries of the world.

The capital of Primorsky Krai has been experiencing active development in the recent years. Dozens of new objects have been constructed, many of which are really unique and make Vladivostok a vivid and dynamic city. The modern campus of Far Eastern Federal University, unequaled anywhere else in Russia, was built on Russky Island. Three bridges were erected almost simultaneously, two of which can without any exaggeration be called the city’s landmarks – namely, the Russky Island Bridge and the bridge across the Golden Horn Bay. By certain parameters, these two bridges are worldwide record-holders.

the bridge across the Golden Horn Bay

Russky Island Bridge

Other objects that appeared in the city during recent years include Concert and Sport Complex “Fetisov Arena”, Primorsky State Opera and Ballet Theatre, Primorsky Aquarium, Primorsky Perinatal Care Center, and FEFU Medical Center.

Primorsky State Opera and Ballet Theatre

the Far Eastern Federal University

There are 10 higher education institutions in Vladivostok, the Far Eastern Federal University being the most notable. Among the most famous museums are Arsenyev State Museum of Primorsky Region, Primorsky State Art Gallery, Automotive Antiques Museum, Voroshilovskaya Battery Museum, “Artetazh” Modern Art Center etc. Besides, Botanic Park of the Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences is located in Vladivostok’s suburb and is open for visitors.

Since 2003, “Pacific Meridian” international film festival is held annually in Vladivostok.

Extensive residential apartment construction is under way in Vladivostok. As of 1 January, 2018, there were 120 preschool institutions, 78 schools and dozens of supplementary classes available for children.

Vladivostok is a city with rich history. Hundreds of historic buildings, architectural and cultural landmarks can be visited here, among them are Monument to the Fighters for Soviet Power in the Russian Far East, Monument to Wartime Merchant Fleet Seamen, Central Post Office, Railway Station, GUM Store and many others. The city is the location of a unique military fortification of the past – the Vladivostok Fortress.

the Soviet era

During the recent years several new monuments were erected in Vladivostok, including the monument to the founder of Vladivostok Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky. Besides, the city is now decorated with a number of impressive sculptures dedicated to well-known people like the female character of popular song “Katyusha”, Oscar Award winner Yul Brynner, American-born resident of the city Eleanor Pray, famous poet and actor Vladimir Vysotsky and others.

the female character of popular song “Katyusha”

Yul Brynner

Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky

Eleanor Pray

Vladimir Vysotsky

Vladivostok is notable for its unique landscape, and many natural objects form spectacular view of the city. It lies on many hills, the highest of which is Vargina Mount (458 m above sea level). Vladivostok is surrounded by sea on three sides, with a number of beautiful inlets and seashores – artificially reconstructed or untouched. The most beautiful and visited by locals and tourists are the islands of Russky, Popova, Reineke and others.

Egersheld Lighthouse

To put it short, given its remarkable history, Vladivostok is a diverse city with many faces. It is the city of Russian seamen, merchants and entrepreneurs, city of fishers and whale-hunters, city of students and scientists, an open and colorful  free port… The city of active, creative and hospitable people. 

Welcome to Vladivostok!