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Vladivostok's Sister Cities


City

State

Agreement signing date

1. Dalian
China
September 10, 1992
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok, Russia and the City of Dalian, China, September 10, 1992
2. Busan Republic of Korea June 30, 1992
Sister City Communique between the City of Busan and the City of Vladivostok, June 30, 1992
3. Juneau USA February 21, 1992
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the City and Borough of Juneau, February 21, 1992
4. San Diego USA September 10, 1991
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the City of San Diego, September 10, 1991
5. Tacoma USA February 25, 1992
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok (Russia, Commonwealth of Independent States) and the City of Tacoma (Washington, United States of America), February 25, 1992
6. Akita Japan June 29, 1992
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok and the City of Akita, June 29, 1992
7. Niigata Japan February 28, 1991
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok, USSR and the City of Niigata, Japan, February 28, 1991
8. Hakodate Japan July 28, 1992
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok, Russia and the City of Hakodate, Japan, July 28, 1992
9. Wonsan DPRK October 19, 2009
Agreement for the Establishment of a Sister City Relationship and the Strengthening of Friendship and Cooperation between the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation and the City of Wonsan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
10. Manta Ecuador October 29, 2009
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation and the City of Manta, Republic of Ecuador
11. Kota Kinabalu Malaysia March 15, 2010
Agreement for the Establishment of a Sister City Relationship and the Strengthening of the Ties of Friendship and Cooperation between the City of Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia) and the City of Vladivostok (Russian Federation)
12. Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture
China
May 18, 2011
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok (Primorsky region, Russian Federation) and Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (Jilin Province, People's Republic of China)
13. Incheon
Republic of Korea
June 30, 2012
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the Municipality of Incheon
14. Harbin
China
June 15, 2017
Agreement on Establishing Sister City Relations between the City of Vladivostok (Russian Federation) and the City of Harbin (People’s Republic of China)

Sister Cities in Russia


City

Agreement signing date

1. Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania November 27, 2009

Friendship and Cooperation Agreements


Counterpart

State

Friendly city since

1. Shanghai China
April 27, 1993
Memorandum of Understanding and the Development of Friendship and Cooperation between the City of Vladivostok and the City of Shanghai, April 27, 1993
2. Yantai 
China
July 29, 1994
Friendship City Agreement between the City of Yantai, China and Vladivostok, Russia, July 29, 1994
3. Changchun
China
September 27, 2003
All-round Cooperation Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the City of Changchun, September 27, 2003
4. Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture 
China
August 9, 2002
Memorandum for the Establishment of the Friendly Exchanges and Trade and Economical Cooperation between Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, China and the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation, August 9, 2002
5. Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam May 21, 2009
6. Donghae, Sakaiminato
Republic of Korea, Japan
October 6, 2009
Friendship and Cooperation Agreement between the Governments of the Cities of Vladivostok (Russian Federation), Donghae (Republic of Korea) and Sakaiminato (Japan)
7. Tottori Japan August 23, 2010
Friendship and Cooperation Agreement between the City of Vladivostok (Russian Federation) and the City of Tottori (Japan)
8. Pohang
Republic of Korea
May 13, 2015
Friendship and Cooperation Agreement between the Administration of Vladivostok City (Russian Federation) and Pohang City (Republic of Korea) 
9. Geochang County, South Gyeongsang Province
Republic of Korea
July 15, 2015
Friendship and Cooperation Agreement between the Administration of Vladivostok City (Russian Federation) and the Administration of Geochang County (Republic of Korea)
10. Sevastopol
Russia
December 9, 2015
Cooperation Agreement between the Government of Sevastopol City and the Administration of Vladivostok City
11. Donghae, Sakaiminato Republic of Korea, Japan
February 5, 2016
Agreement on Friendship and Co-Development between the Cities of Vladivostok, Donghae and Sakaiminato

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Sister City Ties

First city twinning agreement was signed as early as in 1942 between Stalingrad (USSR) and Coventry (Great Britain), both cities having been heavily damaged by bombings during World War II.

Sister cities are cities having cooperative agreements, establishing friendly ties to promote mutual understanding and respect, as well as cultural, sport, commercial and other exchanges between each other. Authorities and organizations of the two cities share their experience in search for solutions to common issues. Sister city ties are established with wide public support by communities of the both sides. Sister cities often have similar characteristics. Sister city status also means that the cities can apply to international organizations for financial support to their joint projects.

Last Sunday of April is the World United Cities Day. This holiday was introduced by the World Federation of United Cities – international organization established in 1957.

Vladivostok joined the united cities’ by signing its first Sister City Declaration with the city of Niigata, Japan on February 28, 1991. In 1992 Vladivostok established sister city ties with two other Japanese cities - Hakodate and Akita. 

Geographical proximity, mutual interest the cities displayed in the further development of cultural and sport exchanges that had been going on for some time already before 1992, as well as the desire to strengthen economic and other ties prompted the cities’ governments to formally enter into sister city relationship.

Vladivostok conducts youth, sports, educational, cultural and other exchanges with its Japanese sister cities. Vladivostok’s ties with the Japanese cities are growing in scope every year. There are some joint projects that are held every year on regular basis. Thus, Vladivostok schoolchildren have been participating in the International children exchange program Habatake 21 – Children of the Future since 1992. The main goal of the program is to promote friendship between Russia (Vladivostok, Khabarovsk), Japan (Niigata), China (Harbin, Xian) and the Republic of Korea (Ulsan) by sending delegations of children from these cities to spend a week together in Niigata. Habatake 21 program helps to unite children from different countries and give them an opportunity to learn about each country’s unique culture and traditions.

On September 10, 1991 Sister City Agreement between Vladivostok and San Diego, USA was signed. In 1992 Vladivostok twinned with two more US cities – Juneau, Alaska (February 21, 1992) and Tacoma, Washington (February 25, 1992). Vladivostok and its American sister cities have been exchanging educators, performing groups, officials etc.

On June 30, 1992 the city of Busan, Republic of Korea and Vladivostok established sister city relationship. Busan has been an active player in Vladivostok’s cultural and economic life and it has been closely cooperating with Primorsky Krai’s schools, colleges and universities.

Dalian became Vladivostok’s first sister city in China on September 10, 1992.

In 2009-2011, the cities of Wonsan (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Manta (Ecuador), Vladikavkaz (Russia), Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia), as well as Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (China) signed friendship agreements with Vladivostok.

Vladivostok is actively engaged in the cultural, commercial and other exchanges with its sister cities. A number of joined projects in the spheres of health care, education and city development have benefited the participating cities and their residents.

The city of Vladivostok places much importance on further strengthening of its international communication and increasing of its scope. 

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